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Data Management

Background and links to more information about data management issues.

Funders-Public Access Requirements

Federal funding agencies with budgets over $100 million in R&D are now required to put in place systems that will provide public access to the results of funded research. Public Access refers to the material being available to read, download and analyze. 


1. Table showing the implementation details of plans that have been released, "crowd sourced" on FigShare; data elements in the table include timeframe for implementation, whether data and articles are both covered in the plan, and what repositories exist for articles and data. See box below for links to each agency's plan.

2. These 2 initiatives have begun to address implementation of funding agencies requirements, which come with no additional funds for those agencies:

3. OSTP Directive: Expanding Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research  and OSTP Memorandum. Materials from the open meetings on the implementation of this, including the excellent presentation “How We Got Here, Turning Points in Science Publishing”, written statements, transcriptions of verbal statements, and videos of the webcasts, are on the project website. More agencies have been included due to language in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014.

Public Access Plans by Agency

Federal Agencies that have released their plans to implement public access to the results of federally funded research:

Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ) (part of HHS)

Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) (part of HHS)

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (part of HHS)

Columbia University Libraries overview of implementation plans


Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Department of Defense (DOD) Plan to Establish Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research

Department of Education, Institute of Education Services

Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a repository called PAGES

Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)

Department of Transportation (DOT) See also the list of publicly accessible datasets from DOT

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (part of HHS)

NASA Plan: Increasing Access to the Results of Scientific Research

National Institutes of Health (part of HHS)

National Science Foundation "Today's Data, Tomorrow's Discoveries"

NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Plan for Providing Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research

NOAA Plan for Increasing Public Access to Research Results

Smithsonian Institution (Complying voluntarily. Budget is less than $1 million)

United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Veterans Affairs (VA)



Federal agencies that have public data policies that are not required due to funding levels:


National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Digital Humanities Data Sharing Plans


National Institute of Justice Data Archiving Plans (NIJ)


Federal agencies that will be issuing plans:

  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Homeland Security
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • Department of Interior
  • Department of Labor
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
  • Institute for Museum and Library Services (IMLS)