Federal funding agencies are now required to put in place systems that will provide public access to the results of funded research. Public Access refers to the material being available to read, download and analyze.
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memorandum on Ensuring Free, Immediate, and Equitable Access to Federally Funded Research on August 25, 2022 that provides new guidance on data sharing, access, reusability, persistent identifiers (PIDs), and coverage. The NIH has issued a Data Management and Sharing (DMS) policy , effective January 25, 2023, to promote the sharing of scientific data.
Research sponsors have very different requirements so it’s best to verify requirements at the agency level, from your specific directorate, or to look for information on your RFP.
Federal Agencies that have released their plans to implement public access to the results of federally funded research:
Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality (AHRQ) (part of HHS)
Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) (part of HHS)
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (part of HHS)
Columbia University Libraries overview of implementation plans
Department of Defense (DOD) Plan to Establish Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (part of HHS)
NASA Plan: Increasing Access to the Results of Scientific Research
National Institutes of Health (part of HHS)
National Science Foundation "Today's Data, Tomorrow's Discoveries"
NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Plan for Providing Public Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research
NOAA Plan for Increasing Public Access to Research Results
Smithsonian Institution (Complying voluntarily. Budget is less than $1 million)
Federal agencies that have public data policies that are not required due to funding levels:
National Institute of Justice Data Archiving Plans (NIJ)
Federal agencies that will be issuing plans: