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This is a research guide for Journalism, Television News, Women in Journalism, War Journalism, Fake news and Alternative Media.

Introduction - defining "media literacy"

People's ability to use media in a critical and beneficiary manner has been referred to as media literacy. The concept of media literacy is hot, as demonstrated by 49,000 article hits in Google Scholar, and has been studied in a wide range of disciplines. Whereas scholars in the fields of cultural studies, media studies, and literary analysis generally take an interpretative perspective, aiming to unravel how media literacy affects people's media uses and gratifications through observation and interviews, scholars in the fields of communication science, educational science, and psychology seem more involved with effects research, wanting to find out, by means of surveys and experiments, whether increasing people's knowledge of media can reduce negative media outcomes or even create positive consequences.  ...

Opree, S.J. (2017). Media literacy. In The International Encyclopedia of Media Effects (eds P. Rössler, C.A. Hoffner and L. Zoonen)

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