A variant of the exploitation film consisting of low- to mid-budget, non-mainstream, US genre films released between 1970 and 1975, starring black actors in key roles, and originally intended for black urban audiences. Blaxploitation films range across a number of genres, including the crime film (Black Caesar (Larry Cohen, 1973)), the horror film (Blacula (William Crain, 1972)), and the western (Boss Nigger (Jack Arnold, 1974)). Nonetheless, the films share many characteristics, including strong black protagonists with anti-authoritarian attitudes, predominantly black urban settings (replacing the southern settings of earlier race films (see black cinema (us)), rhythm-and-blues soundtracks (often with extended montage sequences set to music), culturally specific dress codes and language use, high levels of violence, and a liberated attitude towards sex.
To find what we have in the Library's collection, you can do a subject search for "blaxploitation films" in the online catalog. That search will show you what film titles are classified as these films as well as books and other items about them. As you look at the list under blaxploitation films, the subject headings which include "history and criticism" critically talk about the genre itself.
Articles and other writings about movies can be found in many publications. Our collection does not include a journal or magazine which looks exclusively at blaxploitation films. Other film journals within our collection will cover these films. You can use Film & Television Literature Index to find relevant articles or use the search box at the top of the page.