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Film Studies: National Cinemas

This guide highlights selected resources for various national cinemas.

Introduction to Austrian cinema

Moving images were first seen in Austria at an exhibition of the Lumière Cinématographe in Vienna on 27 March 1896, but local fiction film production is thought to have begun only in 1908 with Heinz Hanus’s Von Stufe zu Stufe. At around a thousand films in total, film output during the silent era was small compared with that of other countries in Europe; but a substantial proportion of these, some 120 productions annually, were made during the peak years of 1918 to 1922. Although the local cinema culture was dominated from early on by the output of studios in neighbouring Germany, a number of firms did successfully establish production bases in Austria during the silent era, most prominent among them being Sascha-Film, established in Vienna in 1914. During the 1920s and 1930s directors Willi Forst (Maskerade/Masquerade in Vienna, 1934), Sándor (Alexander) Korda (Samson und Delila/Samson and Delilah, 1922), and Mihély Kertész (Michael Curtiz) (Das sechste Gebot/The Sixth Commandment, 1923) made films in Austria. Korda later migrated to Britain; and Kertész, along with fellow Austro-Hungarians Otto Preminger, Billy Wilder, Fred Zinneman, and Edgar G. Ulmer, to Hollywood (see hungary, film in). Forst’s Maskerade is a significant example of the operetta film, an influential middle-European variant of the film musical.   ...

Kuhn, A., & Westwell, G. (2020). Austria, film in. In A Dictionary of Film Studies. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 16 Aug. 2022

In the library's collections/Searching the online catalog

You can start your search here with these subject headings below:

Introductory reading(s)

Selected book title(s)

Other library resource(s)

Finding scholarly articles and journal title(s)

Articles and other writings about Austrian cinema can be found in many publications. You can use Film & Television Literature Index to find articles or use the search box at the top of the page.

Selected movie title(s)

Find more Austrian films in the library's catalog.

Internet resource(s)

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